Folder structure of magento

The Magento application has a large number of files and folders, each with a specific purpose. Here is a brief explanation of some of the main folders in a Magento application:

  1. app: This folder contains the main components of the Magento application, including the controllers, models, and views. It is further divided into the code, design, etc, and locale folders. code folder contains modules and libraries of the application. design folder contains layout and template files. etc folder contains configuration files, and locale folder contains translation files.
  2. bin: This folder contains command-line scripts that can be used to perform various tasks such as installing, upgrading, or troubleshooting the application.
  3. lib: This folder contains libraries and external code that the Magento application depends on, such as Zend Framework and Varien libraries.
  4. media: This folder contains all the media files such as images, videos, and other types of media that are associated with the products in the store.
  5. skin: This folder contains the CSS and JavaScript files that are used to style and add interactivity to the frontend of the store. It is usually divided into two subfolders: adminhtml and frontend, which contains styling for the backend and frontend respectively.
  6. var: This folder contains files that are generated at runtime, such as cached template files, session data, and log files.
  7. vendor : this folder contains the libraries, modules and frameworks that are installed via composer which are necessary for the application.
  8. pub : this folder contains the files that needs to be served directly by web server such as images, javascript, css etc.

These are some of the main folders in a Magento application, but there are also other folders such as setup, dev, update and generated etc. Each of these folders has a specific purpose, for example setup folder contains installer and upgrade scripts, dev folder contains developer tools, and update contains files used for updating Magento.

It’s important to note that Magento’s folder structure and file organization are designed to be highly modular, allowing developers to quickly and easily find the files they need, and making it easy to add custom functionality to the application.