The Magento application has a large number of files and folders, each with a specific purpose. Here is a brief explanation of some of the main folders in a Magento application:
app: This folder contains the main components of the Magento application, including the controllers, models, and views. It is further divided into the
codefolder contains modules and libraries of the application.
designfolder contains layout and template files.
etcfolder contains configuration files, and
localefolder contains translation files.
bin: This folder contains command-line scripts that can be used to perform various tasks such as installing, upgrading, or troubleshooting the application.
lib: This folder contains libraries and external code that the Magento application depends on, such as Zend Framework and Varien libraries.
media: This folder contains all the media files such as images, videos, and other types of media that are associated with the products in the store.
frontend, which contains styling for the backend and frontend respectively.
var: This folder contains files that are generated at runtime, such as cached template files, session data, and log files.
vendor: this folder contains the libraries, modules and frameworks that are installed via composer which are necessary for the application.
These are some of the main folders in a Magento application, but there are also other folders such as
generated etc. Each of these folders has a specific purpose, for example
setup folder contains installer and upgrade scripts,
dev folder contains developer tools, and
update contains files used for updating Magento.
It’s important to note that Magento’s folder structure and file organization are designed to be highly modular, allowing developers to quickly and easily find the files they need, and making it easy to add custom functionality to the application.